What is Diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which there is a chronically raised blood glucose concentration (hyperglycemia). This happen when there is a resistance to action and/or deficit (total or partial) of a hormone called insulin produced by certain cells in the pancreas (beta cells). Glucose comes from carbohydrate that you eat and is broken down in the body to be used as fuel for the energy of every day life. Main work of insulin is to unlock the cells in order to permit access of glucose into the cell to be used for immediate use for energy or to be stored. If this fails the glucose will stay elevated in the blood stream causing hyperglycemia and diabetes. Left untreated the disease can lead to multiple organ damage which may include the kidneys, eyes, nerves and heart.
Diabetes Mellitus a worldwide epidemic
Diabetes is now a global health problem spreading at a rapid rate across the world. 246 million people, which make 7.3% of the world’s population, are assumed to have diabetes. That number is expected to grow to nearly 380 million in the year 2025. Progressive urbanization, increased life expectancy and economic development associated with a shift to unhealthy lifestyles have resulted in a huge explosion in type 2 diabetes in the Middle East and North African region over the last 30 years. The UAE is ranked as the 2nd highest worldwide for diabetes and faces a major epidemic of diabetes and obesity. Study reports from the UAE suggest that approximately one out of five of the adult population have diabetes. This is expected to increase further if action is not taken.